“John Hampden,”, said George, “was a leading parliamentarian at the centre of the English revolution. In 1637, he stood trial for refusing to pay ‘Ship Money’, a tax levied by the Monarch on the people, without Parliament consent, to build the Royal Navy. Hampden became a national hero for standing up to the King.”
”Five years later, Charles I stormed the House of Commons to arrest ‘Five Members’ for treason. He believed they had encouraged the Scots to invade England in the Bishop’s War. Fortunately, they had left. John Hampden was one of them. This led to the English Civil War, Charles I beheading and Oliver Cromwell rule. Furthermore, constitutional precedent was set, whereby the Monarch cannot govern without Parliamentary consent.”, said George.
“But why are there not five statues?”, I ask.
“Good question”, George replied, “The people were asked who represented the noblest parliamentarian and stood for the people. They chose John Hampden.”
“I still don’t understand why the door is slammed each year?”, I said.
George started laughing, “Well, how else do you remind the Monarch of the people’s right. John Hampden guards the door and ready to defend the people from the Monarch. I am glad he is here. Don’t you?”
And with a nod of my head, we make our way out to the Clock Tower.
———————————- © Graeme Brown 2019 ————————————-